The Jawaharlal Nehru Custom House is one of the 11 major ports of India and was commissioned on 26th May, 1989.Actions-edit-clear-history-icon The port is situated along the eastern shore of Mumbai Harbour, southeastward of Elephanta Island. Jawaharlal Nehru Port is an all weather tidal port and it is the only Indian port built to international standards, with a high level of automation and computerized functioning. It has a land area of 2,500 hectares (6000 acres). It was built with a view to de-congest Mumbai port and to serve as a hub port for this region.
The linear quay length of this port is 1992 meters. Out of this, 680 meters is with the JNPCT and constitutes 3 berths for its container cargo. Another 600 meters has been given on long lease to M/s Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal (NSICT) which is a subsidiary of M/s Dubai Ports World. A third terminal, with a quay length of 712 meters, jointly operated by M/s Maersk and Concor, named Gateway Terminals India Pvt. Ltd. became fully operational in January 2007. Apart from these 3 container terminals, JNPT has a liquid cargo terminal operated by IOC & BPCL (capacity 5 million Tonnes). The maximum permissible draft for a vessel in this port is 12 meters and each berth can handle ships up to 70,000 DWT. The port handled about 4.06 million TEUs of cargo / 55.84 million tones of cargo in the year 2007-08. A fourth terminal is also being planned and it is expected to be commissioned in two phases with a total container handling capacity of 4.6 million TEUs. It is expected to be commissioned by 2013-14, thereby enhancing the capacity of the port to 8 million TEUs.
The Jawaharlal Nehru Custom House is located at Sheva, Tal. Uran, Dist. Raigad, of Maharashtra, close to Jawaharlal Nehru Port. The Custom House moved to the building it occupies now on 14th August 2003. This building was constructed at a cost of Rs 20 crores. Prior to 14th August 2003, JNCH was located in the adjoining Port User’s Building.
Jawaharlal Nehru Custom House is the biggest Custom House in the country in terms of containers handled, documents filed and revenue generated. Examination of Import Cargo is not being done inside the Port Terminals. The emphasis is on speedy movement of containers and to utilize the port area exclusively for loading and unloading of the containers. The average turnaround time for vessels calling on the port is less than one day; the average time taken for the containers to be shifted to the various container freight stations where the customs examination and clearance of the containers takes place is 1(one) day. Presently, there are 21 Container Freight Stations (CFSs) licensed by Customs.
They are being managed by various public sector organizations like Central Warehousing Corporation (CWC), Maharashtra State Warehousing Corporation (MSWC), Container Corporation of India (CONCOR), Balmer Lawrie, and some Private organizations. Most of the CFSs handle export and import cargo. Only some of the CFS’s handle Import or Export cargo exclusively.